The petition for declaration of nullity under Article 36 of the Family Code is an adversarial procedure. Unlike divorce in other countries where both spouses can agree to divorce, declaration of nullity requires one party to prove the other’s psychological incapacity to comply with the essential obligations of marriage. As such, a psychological test is required of both spouses, together with hearings before a judge, to prove psychological incapacity. There are times when a judge has denied the claim of psychological incapacity, thus leaving the separated couple no choice but to stay married.
The normal procedure for declaration of nullity is:
- Psychological exam of both parties conducted by a psychologist;
- Psychological report of the psychologist concluding that one of the parties is psychologically incapacitated to comply with the essential obligations of marriage;
- Filing of petition to declare nullity of the marriage;
- Summons on the adverse party;
- Solicitor General issues a report on whether there is collusion among the parties;
- Pre-trial conference;
- Hearings (normally three: one for petitioner, one for respondent, one for psychologist and other witnesses).
Absent property and custodial issues, we can help process a petition for declaration of nullity from filing to decision in a short span of sixteen (16) months. If you want to be ensured that you can get married again, we are your right partner in filing a petition for declaration of nullity.
Below is a general list of requirements you will need in order to prove that foreign divorce:
- Philippine marriage certificate/record if the marriage was in the country;
- Official marriage certificate/record from the foreign country if the marriage was abroad;
- Report of Marriage of a Filipino married abroad (if one was filed with the DFA);
- Official copies of your foreign divorce documents;
- Certified copy of the foreign country’s divorce law;
- Proofs of citizenship.
The petition to recognize a foreign divorce decree is still a judicial proceeding, and will still require hearings. Generally, the process can take between eight months to one year, and is cheaper than getting an annulment.